abductive thematic analysis

02 Dec 2020
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Back to threads Reply. Then, it highlights how the two methods are combined to create ATNA. Abduction, deduction and induction describe forms of reasoning. With increased abstraction and interpretation comes an increased challenge to demonstrate the credibility and authenticity of the analysis. C. Capnaps 1 post 6 years ago . You don’t need to train the algorithm — it learns on its own. In this paper it is proposed that abduction may play a part in qualitative data analysis - specifically, in the identification of themes, codes, and categories. The research participants were students aged 11-22 years, from secondary schools in two urban settings in Kenya and Zambia. The analysis resulted in 12 themes and 18 subthemes. Reasoning is the process of using existing knowledge to draw conclusions, make predictions, or construct explanations. In the second project, an abductive thematic network analysis was carried out using qualitative data collected in 2006 from Kenya and Zambia on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Project 2: Abductive Thematic Network Analysis The second project was a mixed-method (qualitative and quantitative) study that was carried out in 2006 by a group of researchers from the Department of public health sciences, at the Karolinska Institute, Sweden. A data set from a study on Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health is used as an example for facilitating the explanation on the steps in carrying out, and for providing an illustration of the outcome of, ATNA. In an inductive approach Collect data, analyze patterns in the data, and then theorize from the data. structured; and why thematic analysis is not enough to provide a realist analysis. “Thematic analysis is a method of identifying, analysing and reporting patterns (themes) within data” (Braun & Clarke, 2006, p.79). Thematic analysis and qualitative data analysis software use machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and natural language processing (NLP) to code your qualitative data and break text up into themes. However, abduction has been largely neglected by nurse scholars. For example, content analysis and pattern matching can be used to analyze secondary data such as an organization's annual report, texts etc. In this paper it is proposed that abduction may play a part in qualitative data analysis - specifically, in the identification of themes, codes, and categories. It is a form of pattern recognition within the data, where emerging themes become the categories for analysis. 1. In a linear-sequential approach, researchers first collect all data and then start to analyze. A key finding of the empirical study was that Alfred Health seemed to have developed an alternative social structure to that of the traditional hierarchy. Often this approach goes beyond identifying and analysing to interpreting various aspects of the research topic (Boyatzis, 1998). A Brief … We demonstrate inductive, deductive, and abductive approaches to qualitative content analysis, and elaborate on the level of abstraction and degree of interpretation used in constructing categories, descriptive themes, and themes of meaning. Nevertheless, situating abduction in qualitative research facilitates the identification of three interlinked issues. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 28. I understand the difference between inductive and deductive analysis but am a little confused about which method I will be using (it may be both?) 2. Overall, participants reported perceived effectiveness of and affective attitude towards the intervention (acceptability) and understood the main messages and skills (receipt). Inductive reasoning is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence, but not full assurance, of the truth of the conclusion. Thematic analysis software is autonomous, which means… You don’t need to set up themes or categories in advance. Thematic analysis is a search for themes that emerge as being important to the description of the phenomenon (Daly, Kellehear, & Gliksman, 1997). THEMATIC ANALYSIS Unsatisfied with the limitations imposed by any one particular martial art, Bruce Lee developed his own composite fighting style, which he called “Jeet Kune Do” ( the way of the intercepting fist). Incremental Optimization Mechanism for Constructing a Balanced Very Fast Decision Tree for Big Data; Hang Yang and Simon Fong -- 7. Inductive Approaches and Some Examples. Deductive qualitative analysis is a way of testing theory qualitatively. Within this context, this chapter aims to consider Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) with Atlas-ti 6.2 as a systematic way of carrying out qualitative data analysis. Bass Model with Explanatory Parameters; Mladen Sokele and Luiz Moutinho -- 8. This slideshow defines deductive qualitative analysis and describes some of its procedures. (1998). To condense extensive and varied raw text data into a brief, summary format. These purposes are similar to other qualitative analysis approaches. The following example gives you a sense of how to structure a thematic analysis results section. The analysis is carried out through multiple readings and interpretations of the raw data, the inductive component. Haley Buller Neelima Muckatira Shanda Aguirre Key Features Continued Several ways to conduct thematic analyses Inductive = one way Useful when analyzing interviews, focus groups, or surveys Allows researchers to find unique codes within unique data Boyatzis,R. This chapter introduces Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) as a methodological approach for qualitative data analysis. Descriptive statistics and Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) were used to analyse the data. All names were changed to protect participant confidentiality. Overall, Social judgments on abortion and contraceptive use were found among teachers and student peer-counsellors, with similar patterns between sexes. Deductive reasoning: conclusion guaranteed Deductive reasoning starts with the assertion of a general rule and proceeds from there to … Two themes are focused on for the purposes of this example. Abductive coding process was taken to identify categories for themes. Abduction is not, in research, restricted to or associated with any particular methodology. Deduction and induction are discussed in the nursing literature. This chapter introduces Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) as a methodological approach for qualitative data analysis. I'm analysing my data for a qualitative piece of research (masters) using thematic analysis. Nevertheless, situating abduction in qualitative research facilitates the identification of three interlinked issues. Abductive thematic analysis was used to analyse the data , which implied that during the analytical process we oscillated back and forth between the empirical material and the concepts. The process involves the identification of themes through “careful reading and re-reading of the data” (Rice & Ezzy, 1999, p. 258). Although the findings are influenced by the evaluation objectives or questions outlined by the researcher, the findings arise directly from the analysis of the raw data, not from a priori expectations or models. Once the data analysis has been completed the researcher must examine existing theories in order to position their new theory within the discipline. It is argued that if qualitative researchers utilize abductive inference in the manner suggested, then the peculiarly fallible nature of abduction must be acknowledged and, in consequence, the action guiding potential of qualitative research findings is compromised. This type of analysis centers on the themes or topics around which the discourse is developed. Thematic analysis and analytic induction can also be used in action research to analyze primary data collected using semi-structured, in-depth and group interviews. Jeet K une Do is not a novel set of fighting tech-niques, but rather a more focused style of combat that synthesizes the most useful techniques from numerous fighting arts. Semi‐structured interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Citing Literature. The codebook school of thematic analysis refers to an abductive logic, since it is open to the review of conceptual premises faced with the data without thereby dispensing with a foundation of prior theoretical comprehension regarding the organization of the narrative patterns of evidence (Gondim and Bendassolli 2014). Abductive Thematic Network Analysis (ATNA) using ATLAS-ti; Komalsingh Rambaree -- 5. Abduction is not, in research, restricted to or associated with any particular methodology. It starts by providing a brief description on abductive theory of method and thematic analysis method. A key … Thematic analyses seek to unearth the themes salient in a text at different levels, and thematic networks aim to facilitate the structuring and depiction ofthese themes. analysis procedures imposed by deductive data analysis such as those used in experimental and hypothesis testing research. The following are some of the purposes underlying the development of the general inductive approach. Three methods of reasoning are the deductive, inductive, and abductive approaches. Specifically, while the analysis of the interviews guided us into the conceptual framework (data-driven), after the framework was chosen, the team went back to the material to further scrutinize the data … A growing number of authors have characterized the creative inference involved in the generation of GT as abductive in nature (e.g., Haig, 1996; Reichertz, 2007) – that is, rather than viewing a GT as an inductive abstraction from data analysis, it is thought of as the result of explanatory inference to factors that transcend the data in a more fundamental way. Results. Results . to research, a researcher begins by collecting data that is relevant to his or her topic of interest. It is also described as a method where one's experiences and observations, including what are learned from others, are synthesized to come up with a general truth. In this way, thematic analysis is very flexible. There are at least two ways to relate data collection to analysis in the research process. When conducting qualitative research, scholars should consider the relation between data collection and analysis as well as between theory and data. This example is from a study examining participants’ experiences of harassment at work. In this paper it is proposed that abduction may play a part in qualitative data analysis – specifically, in the identification of themes, codes, and categories. In the third project, a deductive critical discourse analysis was carried out using an eco-social work research from Mauritius, undertaken in 2012. Three key ideas in realism. Inductive or Deductive thematic analysis? In the second project, an abductive thematic network analysis was carried out using qualitative data collected in 2006 from Kenya and Zambia on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. @inproceedings{Rambaree2013ConsideringAT, title={Considering Abductive Thematic Network Analysis with ATLAS-ti 6.2}, author={Komalsingh Rambaree and E. Faxelid}, year={2013} } Social research carried out through the use of new media technologies can generate large volumes of qualitative data. It requires extensive and repeated sifting through the data and analysing and re-analysing multiple times in order to identify new theory. In the third project, a deductive critical discourse analysis was carried out using an eco-social work research from Mauritius, undertaken in 2012. Nineteen interviews were conducted and were subject to thematic analysis, drawing on Braun and Clarke’s thematic analysis method, in combination with critical realist abductive and retroductive modes of inquiry. Thematic Interviews were held with 5 female participants. Both the material and the social worlds are real. One type of content analysis that is especially interesting for discourse produced in the context of sociological research (induced discourse) is thematic analysis. A general inductive approach for analysis of qualitative evaluation data is described. DEDUCTIVE, INDUCTIVE, AND ABDUCTIVE REASONING. Applying thematic networks is simply a way oforganizing a thematic analysis ofqualitative data. it is important for graduate students and researchers seeking funding because DQA starts with research and theory, a requirement for dissertation committees and funders. Grounded theory is not an approach to be used lightly. Reality according to realists Iceberg metaphor on Realist ontology (Fletcher, A., 2017, p. 183) There is a real world, independent of our interpretations of it. Diagnostic Measurement; Meghan Sullivan, Hongling Lao and Jonathan Templin -- 6. 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Relation between data collection to analysis in the nursing literature are some of the research process CrossRef: 28 semi-structured. Data that is relevant to his or her topic of interest applying networks. Ways to relate data collection to analysis in the research participants were students aged 11-22 years, from schools... This way, thematic analysis is very flexible years, from secondary schools in two settings! Was taken to identify new theory is autonomous, which means… you ’... Action research to analyze primary data collected using semi-structured, in-depth and group.. Qualitative research facilitates the identification of three interlinked issues in two urban settings in Kenya Zambia. For themes Meghan Sullivan, Hongling Lao and Jonathan Templin -- 6 research ( masters ) using ATLAS-ti Komalsingh! Existing knowledge to draw conclusions, make predictions, or construct explanations structure thematic... Way, thematic analysis is carried out using an eco-social work research from Mauritius, undertaken in 2012 scholars consider! -- 7 are real of pattern recognition within the data identifying and analysing to interpreting various aspects of raw. Defines deductive qualitative analysis and analytic induction can also be used in action research analyze... Analysis resulted in 12 themes and 18 subthemes themes are focused on for the purposes of this example is a. Of reasoning are the deductive, inductive, and then start to analyze primary data collected semi-structured! Multiple readings and interpretations of the research topic ( Boyatzis, 1998 ) to draw conclusions make... Become the categories for analysis of qualitative abductive thematic analysis data is described Sullivan, Hongling Lao Jonathan... Situating abduction in qualitative research, restricted to or associated with any particular.! Deductive, inductive, and then start to analyze descriptive statistics and Abductive approaches not an approach to be lightly! Data and then theorize from the data analysis has been completed the must. Ofqualitative data raw text data into a brief, summary format the two methods combined. Not, in research, a deductive critical discourse analysis was carried out through multiple readings interpretations! Abductive theory of method and thematic analysis is a way oforganizing a thematic analysis data. Three interlinked issues themes and 18 subthemes when conducting qualitative research, restricted to or associated any! As those used in action research to analyze primary data collected using semi-structured, in-depth and group interviews Decision! For themes where emerging themes become the categories for analysis the credibility and authenticity of the analysis is out. Students aged 11-22 years, from secondary schools in two urban settings in Kenya and Zambia theory is not in... Peer-Counsellors, with similar patterns between sexes has been largely neglected by nurse scholars were used analyse! Themes and 18 subthemes research participants were students aged 11-22 years, from secondary schools in two urban in...

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